St. Luke’s account of the Beatitudes is known as the Sermon on the Plain, a reference to chapter 6 verse 17: ” Jesus went down with His disciples and stood on a level place.”
Three groups of people are present to hear Jesus speak; the Apostles, a great crowd of disciples and a great multitude of people from all over Judea, Jerusalem and the coast of Tyre & Sidon ( the latter coming to be healed of their diseases).Also seeking healing were people being troubled by unclean spirits ( vs 17b-18).
The multitude came to Jesus because they had heard that He could help them – and help them He did!Jesus heals all of them (v. 19) and teaches them as well. He lifted up His eyes to his disciples and said (vs. 20-26 ):
“Blessed are you who are poor….you who hunger now…you who weep now…you whom people will hate…exclude and mock.”, Four blessings followed immediately by four woes: for “you who are rich… you who are full…who laugh now…Woe to you when all people speak well of you, for that is how their fathers treated the false prophets.”